Frizzles for a Forest garden - Behaviour and Emotions, Dilemmas and Solutions

In the first part of this article I discussed aspects of the perceived wisdom on Frizzled birds and how and why this could impact on choices when it came to picking birds for a back yard or in particular a forest garden. If you have just landed on this subject and want to read the first part, you can find it here.

How frizzling affects behaviour

Polish Crested Black-laced Golden Frizzled RoosterSpike is a fine example of a Polish Frizzle and has also something which I believe  well illustrates the dilemma faced by the Frizzled bird and why it is perhaps more interesting, for me, to look at the psychological issues involved in frizzling rather than the genetic ones.

I'm certain you can see his personality shining through here. Both he and his brother Rupert pictured in my previous article with their father Diavolo are gentle birds. Now and again they take it upon themselves to assert their territorial rights but it is done with a great deal of ritual and I might add, very little if any physical contact.

Close up on hackle feathers of a Polish crested rooster Close up on hackle feathers of a Frzzled Polish Crested rooster

You can see in this comparison how Spike's hackle feathers differ from that of his brother and how, as we will see below, he is sending out clear signals to the others in the flock. This can get him into difficulties from time to time and this is where keeping Frizzles in a forest garden comes into its own because they have a very simple way of extricating themselves from potentially threatening situations. The fact that Spike and Rupert are co-rulers of a hen house and thus dominant males, can put them in the firing line for potential conflict from other aspiring cockerels.  Rupert however, see below, just looks quietly confident, whereas Spike due to his feathering has the potential for sending out different messages.

Golden Polish Crested and Bearded rooster cockerel

Golden Sebright Rooster Cockerel Organically Raised
Bob the Irreplaceable
One of the first things I would like to look at is how other birds in the the flock interpret the signals that a frizzled bird is sending out. We all know that the 'puffed up look' is one that the male adopts when courting but it is also one, particularly in the feathers of the neck, which denotes throwing down the gauntlet and getting ready to fight. 'Raising the hackles', 'being hacked off' are expressions used about being annoyed or fed up with another person's behaviour and can mean the prelude to an argument. Thus to a hen or cockerel, the Frizzle looks permanently annoyed, aggressive and/or ready for a stand off. With several of my varieties of frizzled birds, who have Sebright blood, they have the extra bellicose signals of the Old English Game bird. This typical stance, which has the tail carried high, the wings held low, is usually accompanied by a very raffish look in the eye.

Cochin cross Frizzled Rooster Cockerel

Just holding the head downwards to show a hen a tasty snack can lead to a contretemps as those hackle feathers look like the prelude to a show-down, as above, with Chocolatte. With my first ever frizzled birds, I was aware that they either gained dominant positions, almost by default or were keeping a low profile around the under-plantings of the forest floor. This is why I wrote earlier that I knew they could control their own feathers and actually make them lie flat against the body. Not only does this remove the 'puffed-up' look but it also makes them slimmer and smaller and a lot less visible. I have seen Sweep use this ability on several occasions back when he was a youth and wanted to avoid conflict. Furthermore, young Frizzles such as Honeycomb, below, will still adopt this feather-lowering option when moving between territories. For a hen Frizzle the stakes are rather higher, as I have always found female fights are a lot more physical and potentially dangerous than cockfights. In the main however, over time and as our birds got used to having Frizzles amongst them, the whole flock began to interpret these signals differently. It still does remain a fact though, that of all the hen houses/coops, there is not one where the dominant cockerel and/or hen has not been a Frizzle.

Little chamois frizzle hen

The lowering of the feathers is again something which happens either involuntarily or by design when it rains or the Frizzle becomes too hot sunbathing. Again this ability to control or have the feathers controlled by temperature or humidity is something which enables the Frizzle to enjoy life in the freedom of movement a forest garden provides. There are however times when it does become necessary to intervene.

Frizzles and emotions

Fine Feathered Chamois Frizzle
One of the criteria by which man has always wanted to distance himself from animals and birds is by his idea that sentience is the preserve of humans. Well from my observations that is just not true. Birds and animals exhibit a whole gamut of emotions and it was my first ever rehomed Frizzle, who showed me that birds can get depressed. Frizzante as we called her arrived depressed, I thought this was quite natural because she and all the other denizens of the forest garden in which she lived had lost their 'keeper'. However, I was told that she had been in a monogamous relationship with a frizzled rooster, who had died the year before she came to live with us. Here she is on her first day, she even looks sad.

Golden Sebright Rooster Cockerel and Brahma Hen
The Unfaithful Orlando with Lucy the Brahma
Luckily my Sebright cockerel and Frizzante formed a bond and although it was not a lasting one and although she laid six eggs, she never became broody. Orlando was the most laid-back bird we have ever had and his personality along with that of my next purchase, an Ardenner cockerel 'Raffles', worked wonders on Frizzante, who even grew back the plumage she had lost through stress.

My first hens - Ardenners and a Wyandotte cross
My two Ardenner hens and Dorothy the Wyandotte cross made up the rest of our  little starter flock. Frizzante steered clear of Chicklette and Poulie, who as my first two hens and sisters had formed a very dominant pair. Instead the Frizzle rather cleverly, I thought, continuously attempted to balance up this power couple, by making friends with Dorothy but was snubbed at every attempt.  It is here, I think, where Frizzles come into their own, they are totally determined and will always try to make things work. In the end my little flock did achieve harmony and as it quickly grew ever bigger, that strength of will from Frizzante and the sybaritic insouciance of Orlando carried down through the generations. It has absolutely coloured the whole dynamic of the flocks we have today. This was also an important lesson for me to witness the strength and depth of emotions within this little hen and it helped me so much when dealing with later Frizzled offspring from the same bloodline, who became so depressed over our weather and in Squeaky's case below, a fall from power. As I explained in my previous post, I do have bloodline of unusually fine feathered Frizzles, whereas my Polish and Cochin Frizzles are well upholstered in cold weather.

Fine feathered Frizzle in cold weather
Frizzled rooster in a winter coatSweep's life too was made miserable by his inability in old-age to cope with cold weather. He would, like Squeaky (above) before him, spend his time either inside near the woodstove or at the window ready to come in again.  I just got the idea that he would benefit from some permanent extra warmth and used as a model, the turkey saddles, I had seen employed on the farm when I was a child. Sweep's coat was designed for the outdoor life he had always loved in his youth and allowed him to continue to enjoy it in old-age, he could even fly up to the perch in it to roost. I also found that on very cold nights he needed to sleep in it too. You can see how his stance echoes his Sebright blood. Seeing him standing like this and showing such confidence, also gave me good visual signals that he was feeling fine again!

I made a film of Squeaky's story and although old and filmed and edited pre-Open Shot and before I got a Birthday present of a better film camera, I think it does illustrate the essence of Frizzle.

In the next article I'll look further into the determined nature of Frizzles how it can be amazingly helpful and on occasions harmful and strategies for preventing the latter.

Meanwhile all the very best and if you have enjoyed this piece and found it interesting and/or useful please feel free to join the blog, subscribe to my youtube channel and of course to ask questions or comment and share your own experiences.


© 2016 Sue Cross


Polish Chickens Chamois and Golden Frizzled and Non-Frizzled.

Choosing Chickens Polish, Beauty, Brains & Rusticity.

It's hard to believe that a creature which looks so frou-frou can be anything but ornamental and therefore totally unsuited to a backyard or smallholding but in the following more

Frizzles for a Forest Garden Part 1

In some countries, such as here in France, Frizzles are often viewed as an individual breed rather than a form of feather mutation, which can occur across several more


  1. Hi Sue, I have made a devastating mistake and the outcome is our Poland rooster being attacked by our free ranging rooster .. Roddy and co are enclosed whilst Abe and his ex-bats are free ranging. I did not secure their pen properly enough today whilst doing the daily jobs and as a result Abe got into Roddy's pen. Roddy is now in the utility room on his own and I very much hope he makes a full recovery. Abe has no wounds that I can see but Roddy is bald at the top of his head and quite bloody. Thank you so much for your YouTube videos etc ... have cleansed with cooled boiled water, and teatree and lavender oils with oil as well as coconut oil. He has the coconut oil as well as food and acv water available whilst he recuperates in the utility room. My apologies for the drawn out message. Would like to know if I should keep him in the utility room for a few more days or would it be OK to get him back with his flock tomorrow? Many thanks in advance, Kirsty

    1. Hi there Kirsty, Thank you for giving me such a complete picture of the situation - it is most helpful to have as much information as possible. Firstly, I have always found that Polands are very emotional and can take any kind of injury or strife very much to heart. They are sensitive birds and the males are particularly so. I would play this situation by ear. Mine always respond very much to individual attention when they have been under stress and I believe this goes a long way to getting their confidence back. Have you made sure he has taken some of the acv as he will be short on electrolyte and thus needs to 'reboot'? I would just make certain he sips some of it. The lavender is also really good for stress too so that will have helped with the nervous system support. He needs to regain confidence, as he has been shown up and presumably in front of his flock but in addition he also needs to feel safe. I think therefore, I would see how he is tomorrow and then if possible get him back amongst his flock but under supervision, so he knows he has you to back him up. Then if he starts to looks nervous, get him back to the safety of the utility room. I would also up his protein levels, in particular if you can get some wild invertebrate protein and/or some hard boiled egg, this is for both the amino acid methionine and for vitamin B12 and most of the other B complex vitamins which are all so important to support the nervous system and can be flushed through stress. I would also give him leafy green vegetables for folate which is the other B complex vitamin he needs and which works in synergy with B12. Try him on some citrus fruit also or any other fruit you have with a high vitamin C content as this is one of the first vitamins lost through stress and this time of year, if you are now in Winter as we are, is so necessary to prevent respiratory conditions, many of which can be triggered by stress. Hope this is of use but I always find that a BIG HUG works wonders too. All the very best and I'm so happy my videos were of use. Get back and let me know how you go on and give Roddy a big hug from me, Sue